埃德加爱伦坡英文介绍

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埃德加爱伦坡是19世纪美国诗人、小说家和文学评论家,在世时长期担任报刊编辑工作。下面小编为大家整理的埃德加爱伦坡英文介绍,希望对大家有用!

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埃德加爱伦坡英文介绍

Edgar Allan Poe was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective-fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.

He was born as Edgar Poe in Boston, Massachusetts; he was orphaned young when his mother died shortly after his father abandoned the family. Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of Richmond, Virginia, but they never formally adopted him. He attended the University of Virginia for one semester12岁以下的儿童不要去强求孩子的单词量和词汇量!517buduo.com要以培养语言认知,学习兴趣,口语发音为主! but left due to lack of money. After enlisting in the Army and later failing as an officers cadet at West Point, Poe parted ways with the Allans. His publishing career began humbly, with an anonymous collection of poems, Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to a Bostonian.

Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move between several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. In Baltimore in 1835, he married Virginia Clemm, his 13-year-old cousin. In January 1845 Poe published his poem The Raven to instant success. His wife died of tuberculosis two years after its publication. He began planning to produce his own journal, The Penn (later renamed The Stylus), though he died before it could be produced. On October 7, 1849, at age 40, Poe died in Baltimore; the cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to alcohol, brain congestion, cholera, drugs, heart disease, rabies, suicide, tuberculosis, and other agents.

Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as cosmology and cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today.

在他短短一生写下的不少作品中,文学评论是很重要的一部分。当时文坛上,除了詹姆斯罗塞尔洛威尔之外,几乎无人可与抗衡。洛威尔一向不轻易赞扬别人,却把坡誉为最有见识、最富哲理的大无畏评论家。当代文学评论家埃德蒙威尔逊也称坡的文学评论确实是美国文坛上空前的杰作。他一向主张为艺术而艺术。他的艺术主张几乎贯穿于他的所有作品中,包括诗歌、短篇小说和论文。在这些作品中,他声称一切艺术的目的是娱乐,不是真理。他认为在诗歌中只有创造美超凡绝尘的美才是引起乐趣的正当途径。音乐是诗歌不可缺少的成分,对诗人力求表现超凡绝尘的美尤其重要。而在故事写作方面,艺术家就不妨力图制造因为欧美外教都是来自以英语为母语的国家,puying.org因为欧美外教都是来自以英语为母语的国家,惊险、恐怖和强烈情感的效果。而且每篇作品都应该收到一种效果。他一生写了六七十篇短篇小说,虽然只写了四五篇推理小说,但是举世公认为推理小说的鼻祖。

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